Dragon 18 monthsDragon:  Dragon is a 16.1,  2003 Friesian/Standardbred cross gelding, who I first saw for sale online.  I was looking for a “dressage horse”; I wanted a big uphill horse with extravagant gaits. I didn’t even consider  that I was a five foot one inch woman who had never started a horse before, much less an impulsive, big moving, emotional horse. I couldn’t afford even a green broke dressage horse so I set out to train my own.

I went to visit Dragon on the Amish farm where he was born and bred in the height of winter. I road-tripped  to Pennsylvania for the weekend with my then partner and the snowy mountain roads were slippery and hard to navigate. I was relieved to make it to our hotel alive. I had strict instructions from my best horse friend to visit “the prospect” at least three times during the weekend and NOT to offer his full asking price no matter how I felt about him. Saturday morning I walked out into the frozen pasture with his breeder, Elam, and I felt a jolt of electricity run through my body as a huge, magnetic yearling trotted past me . I offered Elam a check for the full asking price five minutes later. I didn’t even try to bargain. I was the owner of a dressage horse!

listening dragonLike many that have come before me and many to come after, I was in over my head. I was already an accomplished dog trainer with my own business but I still had so much to learn about young horses, emotional control, physical balance and how to use positive reinforcement correctly with horses. I started him under saddle at least three separate times using positive reinforcement and then throwing it out and using just negative reinforcement, but after a few weeks to a few months the holes in our training would start showing up and I would go back to the drawing board. Holes like rearing perfectly and instantaneously out of a trot. Head-shaking anger. Powerful unrequested upward changes of gait to express arousal. Something wasn’t computing for Dragon and riding him left me feeling emotionally drained and afraid. I let a few friends ride him and both At oddsof them said the same thing, “Don’t get back on him. I’ve never felt a horse so angry. Send him to a trainer!”.  Multiple times I considered sending him out to a trainer but I always backed out at the last minute. I couldn’t bear to send him away. This was my quest and my horse and my  journey. But I still needed a teacher.

I used clickers in all of my dog classes and used positive reinforcement to help even profoundly aggressive dogs (think 29 stitches in someone’s face) to develop new coping skills and become safe and able to stay in their homes. But with my horse, I couldn’t get the results I wanted. So I decided to go find Alexandra Kurland. I saw she would be at a conference called: The Art and Science of Animal Training put on by ORCA  (Organization for Reinforcement Contingencies with Animals) at the University of North Texas. I booked my ticket and I planned to ask her my question. What should I do? Her answer deflated me completely. She looked me in the eye and said,” You must start over.” It was not the answer I was looking for but I took it to heart. I would start again. I went home with her entire dvd collection and new inspiration from Bob Bailey, Ken Ramirez, Kay Laurence and Jesus-Rosales Ruiz.

I got back off my horse for the fourth time to re-start him and systematically worked my way through all of Alexandra’s foundation treat delivery from the saddlegroundwork. All the while in the back of my head I was nervously waiting for the day I would get back on. Would it work? I had failed every other time. How many do-overs did I have with this horse?

To my relief and delight, Dragon was completely transformed by this work. I still remember the first time I  put my foot back in the stirrup and swung my leg over. He remained calm and relaxed and walked off quietly when asked. I clicked, treated, and waited for him to become over-aroused about the food or frustrated at my next request. He remained calm, forward and connected to me.  Everything I taught on the ground transferred to ridden work. For the first time Dragon knew what was expected of him and was eager to offer it. For the first time I had small measurable behaviors to ask for and use as barometers of where we were both emotionally and within the larger work. For the first time I had a horse who was relaxed, bright-eyed and fully engaged in the process of riding. No punishment, gadgets or dominance needed. It WAS possible to make a safe and happy horse using positive reinforcement. If it could be done with Dragon, it could be done with any horse.

Now, he lines himself up to the mounting block for me to get on and waits patiently. If he feels I am too far away he will turn himself around and come back to line up again on his own judgement, delivering the saddle to my hand and it always makes me chuckle. I often get on 3 or 4 times in one ride since my treat pouch only holds so much food. Once I run out I hop off, we go fill up and he takes himself back to the block for another round. I think how many people dread lining up with the mounting block and would shudder at three or four mount-ups per ride. There are plenty of horses who wouldn’t allow it. Dragon would play it as a game if I lined up multiple mounting blocks in the arena.

Dragon's 9thAt this point Dragon and I are working on advanced ridden work and learning how to adapt classical dressage into this new clicker paradigm. The old way of teaching horses through negative reinforcement  molds them into shape through  rein contact and rider’s other aids. The horse is largely passive and avoiding pressure. Many of them are heavy in the hand and behind the leg offering just enough effort to avoid discomfort. With the clicker, we assume the horse to be a thinking partner capable of offering brilliant balance from systematically teaching him how to mobilize his body and how to understand light pressure as a tactile cue but never a threat. It might sound like semantics but it’s not. The difference between traditionally schooled horses and clicker horses reminds me of  The Chronicles of Narnia where there are two kinds of animals: regular animals and talking animals. The talking animals are larger, more beautiful and fully conscious; no one would ever dream of hunting or eating them. In our world, the only difference between the animals is the ones that appear regular have had their soul shut down by coercive training and the others have been offered choices and rewards throughout theirDragon in spring learning process. Clicker training makes horses larger and more beautiful and reveals their sentience. It grows their soul. If I sent you off to ride even a fairly well-schooled dressage horse and then brought you here to sit on Dragon you would be shocked at the difference. Maybe even alarmed. Dragon is so light there is no weight in the rein. Not because he is behind the vertical or absent but because he holds his own balance completely, correctly softened at the poll. He is responsible for himself and in true self-carriage. Dragon is so sensitive to the seat and weight that just a small thigh rotation or weight shift  will change his trajectory. He is a partner in every sense of the word and if he is able to do a requested movement, he will.  He wants to get the right answer both to earn his reward and because he feels magnificent in his own body. He’s changed from a fire-breathing Dragon to an educated Dragon.


13 thoughts on “Dragon

    • Hi Karen!
      How are you? Gosh, we knew each other all the way back when I was struggling so much with Dragon. How are you? How is Tamarack? Do you still have Cisco?
      It’s so very nice to hear from you:) I have four more horses now besides Dragon and we bought a farm a few years ago – so I have four more bios to put up, too!
      warm regards,

  1. Cisco found a wonderful forever home with a fellow that fell in love with him (and Cisco loves him too). They don’t ask much of him and just adore him. I still have Tam and will have Tam forever. He’s doing great! I have been watching many of your videos over the last while (I am subscribed to your channel) and always enjoy them!!

    I really love your blog. WOW you are SUCH a good writer Jen…nice flow…nice everything!

    Tam and I are still (also) working on our clicker training and our classical work. We also struggle at times, but it is always a joy and I love the journey.

    SO happy for you that you have your own farm!! I knew from your youtube vidoes that you were workign with other horses, but wasn’t sure they were yours. Now I know! So cool! I will explore more around your blog. Nice to catch up with you here!

  2. Obviously you are not a green rider, taking on an untrained horse was not outside the realm of expectation. Dragon is fortunate to have found a two legged who would take the time to understand and love him for who he is. I wonder if you did any ground driving to start him?

    • Hi Jackie,
      I did do some ground driving before I started Dragon and he learned it fairly easily. No, I wasn’t a green rider but I think there is such a difference between being an experienced rider on trained horses and training a horse under saddle. I know Dragon required much more tact than the average horse but he really taught me how very different the skill sets are. Thank you for your kind words, though, and taking the time to read. It really is wonderful to know people are reading. I see you are a CPDT – do you have a horse too?
      warm regards,

  3. I absolutely love your blog ! You are an amazing writer . Have you written any books ? You made me feel like I was right there watching you and Dragon . You truly have a gift in training and writing .

  4. I love your blog too! I’m on much the same quest as you are – clicker training a dressage horse using mostly Alexandra Kurland’s methods, plus other trainers ideas here and there. If you have a moment please do have a look at my blog – your lovely description of how Dragon is to ride today reminded me of my Bella, and Dragon and Bella have both got there the same way. Must prove something!!!!http://helen-heroesanddragons.blogspot.co.uk/

  5. Hi Helen,
    I’ve actually been to your blog before and really enjoyed it! We do seem like we are on a similar journey. Tell me – what are the “ST videos” you speak of? Do you have some videos posted of you working your horses?

  6. Aww, thank you very much, Jen. ST is Marijke de Jong’s Straightness Training home study course. It’s very similar to the in hand work that Alexandra Kurland does but I’m trying to progress to piaffe and passage now and I need some help with that.

    I’ve got some old videos of me playing about with Bella and Jack in 2009 but not much in the way of recent ones but I’ve just bought a video camera, so there will be soon! The old videos are here, if you’d like to see them:

    And a very short more recent one:

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